The World Health Organisation has declared Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic as an international public health crisis. There are over 4 million people all over the world that are known to be infected with this virus.
Coronavirus has many known varieties, varying from the common cold to much more dangerous traits such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) And Middle East respiratory syndrome which is also known as MERS.
The strains of coronavirus transmit from animals to human beings. In severe cases of COVID-19 infection the complications can be traced to lungs, heart, brain, kidney and in some instances can even cause death. As of today, no vaccine is available to fight against this deadly virus.
Signs and Symptoms of Coronavirus (Covid-19)
The infection presents with typical flu-like symptoms, cough, fever, breathing problems, and lethargy. The signs of infection manifest within 3-7 days after the exposure to virus. In some instances, symptoms may appear even after 14 days. People of all age groups can be infected by Covid19.
Coronavirus infection manifests itself as a simple flu-like disease in more than 80% of the cases. Most of the infected patients are hospitalized just for palliative care. But about 15 % of infected cases may present with severe illness and 5% of such severe cases are hospitalized with the need of intensive care.
The large majority of patients infected with COVID-19 have survived the disease without any major complications. However, the elderly population with comorbidities like bronchial asthma, heart condition, and Diabetes are prone to get critical post coronavirus infection.
The clinicians find it harder to manage a diabetic patient with viral infection due to fluctuations in the level of blood sugar and a compromised immune system. The second reason for criticality in diabetic patients is that the virus finds it easy to grow in a medium with elevated blood sugar levels.
Covid-19 is a respiratory infection and spreads through air droplets that scatter in the environment when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks with another individual. The virus can be alive in the environment from few hours to few days depending on the environmental conditions. The virus can spread if the person comes in contact with air droplets of an infected individual.
A person can also come in contact with the virus when he touches his nose or mouth with contaminated hands. Therefore two main preventive measures against COVID-19 infection are hand hygiene and social distancing.
Suggestions for People Living with Diabetes
People suffering from diabetes should take extra precautions to lead a fight against coronavirus (COVID-19). Here are some precautions that should be strictly followed by diabetics and their close contacts.
- Regular and thorough washing of Hands
- Do not touch the face and nose with unclean hands.
- Sanitize and disinfect the surfaces regularly that are touched frequently by other members of the family.
- Use tissue paper to cover the nose and mouth after sneezing or coughing. Properly dispose of the tissue paper.
- Avoid contact with family members or coworkers who are manifesting the signs of any type of respiratory illness.
- Avoid unnecessary travel, family functions, and public transport.
- Diabetics should keep their blood glucose under check to avoid hospitalizations due to low or high blood glucose levels.
- Patients should keep themselves hydrated as any type of infection can increase the blood sugar levels in the body and as a result demand for fluids.
- Regularly take your prescribed medications. keep an ample supply of your diabetes medications.
- Keep the contact details of your close family members, neighbors, family doctor, and medical emergency services.
- Avoid overexertion and have a good night’s sleep.
Healthy Nutrition and Workout Tips for Diabetic Patients.
A healthy nutrition plan and regular exercise is a must for proper management of blood sugar levels. It is therefore important for a diabetic patient to have a balanced diet to enhance the immunity and keep the blood sugar under check.
- Eat Fruits and Green Veggies in two to three servings.
- Do not consume food rich in fat and sugars.
- It is a good idea to opt for lean protein and low glycemic index foods.
Coronavirus pandemic has forced people to spend most of the time in their homes. Consistent physical activity and a balanced Diabetic diet are of excellent benefit to the general population and even more for people living with diabetes and heart disease.