Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a procedure that uses electromagnetic induction to generate weak electric currents in specific areas of the brain, which can help induce or inhibit neural activity. This technique has been used for many different clinical applications, including researching stroke and epilepsy and treating psychiatric disorders such as major depression. TMS is a non-invasive form of brain stimulation, meaning that it does not involve surgery or implantation of electrodes. Unlike many other brain stimulation techniques, such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), TMS can be applied to any area of the brain and does not require anesthesia or sedation. In this article, we have provided you with some essential details before you decide to visit a doctor providing TMS in Glendale for this treatment.
How Does It Work?
TMS employs a hand-held, paddle-shaped electromagnet held against the scalp near the targeted area of the brain. The magnet creates small electrical currents within neural tissue by changing its magnetic field through electromagnetic induction. These currents can last from several minutes to several hours, depending on the type of stimulation used during treatment. TMS can stimulate the motor cortex, which is vital for controlling voluntary movements. You can also apply it to several other brain regions involved in mood, behavior, cognition and sensory processing. The type of TMS used depends on the specific clinical application.
What Are the Different Types of EMS?
There are three different types of TMS devices currently available for use in clinical trials. The first one is the more traditional coil that encircles the head, where a magnetic field forms an electrical current in the brain. Another type of device is composed of several coils surrounding part of the head and applying electromagnetic pulses to specific brain areas. In some instances, these coils are implanted in the skull for more accurate targeting of a particular region. The last type of device that you can use is a wearable helmet-shaped stimulator that has been designed to provide more effective stimulation over larger areas of the cortex.
What to Expect During a TMS session?
During the initial consultation, the doctor will perform an evaluation and discuss whether or not TMS is appropriate for your condition. The doctor will provide instructions on preparing for the procedure and what you can expect during your first session. Patients may experience some twitching in their scalp muscles and facial grimacing when undergoing treatment. This can be controlled through the use of muscle relaxants, if necessary. During TMS sessions, patients will typically sit in front of the stimulator wearing headphones that emit a clicking sound or music to help block out distracting noise. Sessions usually last between 30 minutes and an hour, depending on the specific treatment protocol for your condition.
In summary, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation is a brain stimulation technique that uses a small, hand-held electromagnet to deliver electromagnetic pulses through the skull. The stimulation can be applied to different brain regions involved with mood, behavior, cognition, and sensory processing. The type of TMS used depends on the specific clinical application for your condition. Sessions are generally quick and painless, though you may feel some scalp muscle twitching or facial grimacing during treatment.